WIN32K.SYS

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WIN32K.SYS is a low level component of WIndows. It’s the kernel side of the Windows subsystems. The includes the graphical user interface infrastructure including the USER, GDI and DirectX. DirectX is handled by DXH.SYS. USER32.DLL and IMM32.DLL make up the window manager. GDI32.DLL MSIMG32.DLL make up GDI. D3D8THK.DLL is the DirectX thunk. TWSRC_32.DLL is the print driver. WINSRV.DLL …

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ERROR CODE 0x80072F8F

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This error code has been seen with problems in Windows activation. This occurs when the system clock is not set correctly. To the problem reboot the machine and enter the BIOS and set the correct date and time. Then restart the machine and you find Windows will activate properly. If you are installing Windows 10, …

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WINDOWS DIRECTX GRAPHICS INFRASTRUCTURE

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DirectX Graphics Infrastructure (DXGI) is a user-mode component of Windows Vista and higher which provides a mapping between particular graphics APIs such as Direct3D 10.0 and above and the graphics kernel, which in turn interfaces with the user-mode Windows Display Driver Model driver. DXGI provides objects to handle tasks such as enumerating graphics adapters and …

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ADD/REMOVE WINDOWS FEATURES

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In addition to stock configuration PC gamers occasionally have problems some older programs. Windows 8 and above for example do not install the .NET Framework 3.51 or older versions. Worse, the installer fails. The reason for this is that Windows has changed the way the features are added to Windows. Open “Control Panel\Programs\Programs and Features” …

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DPC_WATCHDOG_VIOLATION BSOD

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This bug check indicates that the DPC watchdog executed, either because it detected a single long-running deferred procedure call (DPC), or because the system spent a prolonged time at an interrupt request level (IRQL) of DISPATCH_LEVEL or above. The value of Parameter 1 indicates whether a single DPC exceeded a timeout, or whether the system …

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WINDOWS VISTA

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Windows Vista was released generally on January 30, 2007. Vista is now in extended support which will expire April 10, 2017. Service pack 2 improves the performance of Vista to the same level as Windows 7. Windows Vista will install on a machine with 512 MB of RAM and a 1 GHz processor. Realistically a …

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STUTTERING IN GAMES

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Many game players have reported problems with games that seem to be choppy or stutter while being played.  There are several factors that can affect rendering time which make a game seem like it’s stuttering. PCI Express is comparatively fast but we have considered the actual bandwidth of the memory on a video card as …

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STICKY NOTES

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Sticky Notes is one of the gadgets seen with Windows Vista. The gadget is designed to replicate the old style paper sticky notes that surfaced back in the 1970s. Sticky Notes uses Microsoft’s SQL Server Lite which is the actual store for the notes. Unfortunately the database is not easily found to back it up. …

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ERROR CODE 0X080070091

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Error code x080070091 has been seen mostly with file system errors such as a problem with a folder that a user cannot delete etc. To fix it tpen directory in question and try to delete the individual files there until you come across the file that’s causing it not to delete (there’ll probably be at least …

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MALWARE AND SECURITY

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Malware became apparent early on with the personal computer. Over time security tools became available to combat the problem. Windows Vista and above come with Windows Defender which provides some modicum of security. Other security programs were expected to complement or replace it. In practice many used Windows with no additional security programs in place. …

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