BOSCONIAN

Bosconian was released circa November 1981 by Midway. The game was developed by Namco. Bosconian is a side-scroller action game. The player controls a small fighter ship that can move in eight directions, and can fire both forward and backward. A round consists of a number of green enemy bases that must all be destroyed …

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TEMPEST

tempest

Tempest was released circa October 1981 by Atari who also developed the game. Tempest is a tube shooter. Tempest was made with the new Atari quadrascan color vector display. The game also allowed the player to start at a higher level The objective of Tempest is to survive as long as possible and score as many …

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QIX

qix cabinet

Qix was released on October 1981 by Taito who also developed the game. Qix is a puzzle action game. The player controls a marker that can move around the edges of the rectangle. Holding down one of the draw buttons allows the marker to move into unclaimed territory and draw lines (“Stix”) in an attempt …

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GALAGA

Galaga was released circa September 1981 by Namco/Midway. The game was developed by Namco. Galaga is a fixed shooter. This game is more or less another Space Invaders inspired game,. This game has insect like enemies to shoot. The goal is to rack up points which is typical with arcade games. The player controls a …

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HARD DISK CAPACITY

Vendors use a decimal system on top of a binary one. They do this to make their products look bigger. Most disks present data using the binary system, sectors are 512 bytes however modern high capacity disks are now using 4096 byte sectors driven in part by the master boot record limitations and also to …

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HARD DISK LIMITS

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One of the most frustrating problems a lot of DIY enthusiasts came up against was BIOS problems that prevented the use of larger capacity disks. In the early days, DOS version 1 which came on a floppy with our original PC could not even use directories. All saved files had to be saved in …

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BIOS BEEP CODES

1981-ibm-pc5150_a

The IBM PC 5150 and more recent personal computers all use a BIOS beep code to report certain error states. The short beep is followed by loading the operating system from floppy disk or hard disk. 1 short beep is normal 2 short beeps, POST code is shown on screen no beep, power problem or …

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IBM 5150 PERSONAL COMPUTER

1981-ibm-pc5150_a

The IBM PC was released on August 12, 1981.  The machine is model 5150 and the monochrome monitor is model 5151. The desktop design is rather common in the CRT era as monitors were generally placed on top the machine. We bought one of the IBM PC machines in 2001 as the machine was much …

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CENTIPEDE

Centipede

Centipede was released ca June 1981 by Atari who also developed the game. Centipede is an action game. The player moves the character about the bottom area of the screen with a trackball and fires laser shots at a centipede advancing from the top of the screen down through a field of mushrooms. Shooting any …

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DONKEY KONG

Donkey Kong was released on July 9, 1981 by Nintendo who also developed the game. Donkey Kong is a puzzle game. This game was so wildly popular it made Nintendo a literal fortune selling 60,000 units. The game introduces the character Mario, The gameplay is the move along along the platform while avoiding the barrels being …

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