Category: windows

TIMEOUT DETECTION & RECOVERY

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Introduced with Windows Vista, the timeout detection and recovery (TDR) feature is intended to deal with driver problems or hardware errors without requiring the user to reboot the system. In Windows XP the machine would simply freeze or show a BSOD. One of the most frequent causes for the TDR error is the lack of …

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DESKTOP WINDOW MANAGER

The Desktop Window Manager is a compositing window manager. This means that each program has a buffer that it writes data to; DWM then composites each program’s buffer into a final image. By comparison, the stacking window manager in Windows XP and earlier (and also Windows Vista and Windows 7 with Windows Aero disabled) comprises …

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WINDOWS DISPLAY DRIVER MODEL

Video cards all have to fulfill some basic functionality to be able to boot DOS etc. Worse they also have to have a small BIOS to contain the bit mask for the characters on the DOS VGA display. Over time the CPU has evolved considerably as engineers have figured out how to ramp up the …

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SYSTEM PROTECTION

System protection is a new feature with Windows Vista and above. It works with NTFS disks which support shadow copies. Generally it works like system restore with files so that if a problem like a bad driver or bad windows update will not cause problems. Everyone knows how bad video card drivers can be, In …

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GAMES INCOMPATIBLE WITH WINDOWS VISTA

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We have another list of games with known issues from Windows XP. This list originally was compiled for Windows 7. Since then we have installed XP, Vista, 7 and 8 on the gaming rig to maximize compatibility. We have many old games. Unfortunately some games are not compatible with Windows 7 SP1 while others of …

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BITLOCKER

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Bitlocker is an encrypting file system that was designed in part to protect the boot process in Windows. Bitlocker also protects personal files. If a machine is reset, personal files are not recoverable but the machine can be put to use as a new machine. Bitlocker shipped with Windows Vista Business and ultimate. More recent …

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64-BIT PC GAMES

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The move to 64-bit Windows has make the PC the top choice for gaming today. Here at Hardcore Games we have used Windows XP x64, Vista x64, Windows 7x 64, Windows 8 x64 and now Windows 10 x64. We immediately adopted 64-bit Windows XP for computer chess which is incredibly demanding on CPU performance in addition to demanding …

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64-BIT WINDOWS: VRAM

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Video cards have long had more than 512MB VRAM so again x64 is needed to be fully exploit the card. VRAM is shadowed in main memory. The DMA controller copies the assembled frame while the CPU works on the next one. With the GTX Titan X 12GB, at least 32GB of memory is needed to …

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64-BIT WINDOWS: CRAM IT WITH RAM

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32-bit Windows games are limited to 2048MB of main memory and 512MB video memory. 64-bit Windows is backwards compatible with existing games while providing many more resources for the new generation of games. Most gaming rigs have 4 memory slots, we strongly suggest using 4 identical sticks for best results. Some Intel motherboards may have …

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MICROSOFT VIRTUAL PC

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In 2004 Microsoft released Virtual PC to the public as a free download. It allowed users the ability to run separate Windows session in a window. The Virtual PC 2004 release could run DOS and up easily. We tried a Windows 95 disk as well as a Windows 98 SE disk and we could run …

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RACKS OF MACHINES

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In the old days people used shelves and tables with computers on them all wired up to the internet. This was common for web servers before machines became powerful enough to be consolidated. As network moved from 10 megabit to 100 megabit it was now possible to run games with remote desktop as easily as …

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REMOTE DESKTOP

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Remote Desktop as it is know today first was provided to Window XP and Windows Server 2003. Previously Terminal Services was used with earlier versions of Windows NT. See racks of machines. Remote Desktop connections are available with the professional versions of Windows. This is not available with the home versions which only have client …

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BIOS RECOVERY

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Sometimes a new BIOS is needed to be able to use a new CPU on a motherboard. At times there are fixes to known problems. Errors can be recovered by using the recovery disk to load a new BIOS. Most desktops and laptops use the optical drive to load a recovery BIOS however more recent …

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MS-DOS BIOS RECOVERY

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Some old laptops such as Toshiba use a USB floppy disk to recover from a BIOS flash fault. For a long time Toshiba would not make a recovery ISO available for users forcing them to spend a lot of money at service centers. The software is readily available such as PFLASH and the BIOS ROM …

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GAMES INCOMPATIBLE WITH WINDOWS XP

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We have many old games. Many old games have issues with the x64 version of XP while they do work fine with the x86 version. Issues are for the x86 version of XP. If you need backwards compatibility its possible to dual boot.  The old MBR allows for 4 primary partitions or the BIOS can …

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