EPSON MX-80 DOT MATRIX PRINTER

The MX printers were the original line of printers introduced by Epson. The 11″ MX-80 and the larger sized MX-100 with a 15″ carriage suitable for wider print forms. The majority of users purchased the MX-80 which could use fanfold 8½” by 11″ paper. IBM chose the Epson MX-80 to accompany its introduction of the IBM …

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MICROSOFT DECATHLON

Microsoft Decathlon was released on 1980 by Microsoft who also developed the game. Microsoft Decathlon is a sports simulation game. This game was originally released in 1980 for the TRS-80 machine. The PC version was released in 1981 for DOS by IBM. Microsoft Decathlon simulates the Olympic sports game with 10 distinct events. The game is played …

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PAC-MAN

Pac-Man was released on May 22, 1980 by Midway The game was developed by Namco, Pac-Man is a puzzle game. The game was developed primarily by a young Namco employee named Toru Iwatani over the course of a year, beginning in April 1979, employing a nine-man team. Pac-Man is a puzzler game where the player tries …

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MC RAKASKA CHESS

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MC Rakaska Chess was released in March 15, 1980 by M. C. Rakaska who also designed the game. MC Rakaska Chess is a board game. MC Rakaska Chess appeared in December 1981 as a BASIC program for the TRS-80 in a magazine called Creative Computing. SW Higgins adapted it for the IBM PC BASIC in December …

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MICROSOFT ADVENTURE

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Microsoft Adventure was released on December  8, 1979 by Microsoft. The game was developed by Gordon Letwin.  Microsoft Adventure is an adventure game. Adventure was originally written in FORTRAN for the DEC PDP-10 computer and serves as a demonstration in artificial intelligence. The game uses a text based interface as it ran on period mainframes. The …

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ASTEROIDS

Asteroids was released circa November 1979 by Atari who also developed the game. Asteroids is a 2D space shooter. The objective of Asteroids is to destroy asteroids and saucers. The player controls a triangular ship that can rotate left and right, fire shots straight forward, and thrust forward. To change direction the player has to think …

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GALAXIAN

Galaxian was released circa October 1979 by Midway. The game was developed by Namco. Galaxian is a 2S shooter. Galaxian is similar to Space Invaders in gameplay. The player moves back and forth and the aliens move back and forth above. In contrast to Space Invaders, Galaxian added an element of drama by having the aliens …

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INTEL 8088

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The Intel 8088 processor is derived from the 8086 processor using a simpler external 8-bit data bus. Like the 8086, the 8088 has 20 address lines making it able to address up to 1MB. The prefetch is slightly shorter 4 bytes and the prefect is slightly different to accommodate the 8-bit variant. The 6MHz 8088 …

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SPACE INVADERS

Space Invaders was released circa June 1978 by Midway. The game was developed by Taito. Space Invaders is a 2D action shooter. It was originally manufactured and sold by Taito in Japan, and was later licensed for production in the United States by the Midway division of Bally. Space Invaders became such a blockbuster that it …

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COMPUTER BULLETIN BOARD SYSTEM

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The Computer Bulletin Board System (BBS) got its start back in 1978 when a brutal snow storm paralyzed the city of Chicago. It was developed by Ward Christianson and Randy Suess. The system came into existence largely through a fortuitous combination of Christensen having a spare S-100 bus computer and an early Hayes internal modem, …

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XMODEM

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XMODEM is a protocol to transfer files from one machine to another. It originally was published by Ward Christensen on October 10, 1977. This program is sometimes called MODEM or MODEM2. The program is written in Z80 Assembler. The code runs as a module on CP/M based machines. This code was revised after a few …

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ATARI 2600

The Atari 2600 was released on September 11, 1977 by Atari. The 2600 is a second generation game console that typically came with a pair of joysticks and maybe a game pad depending on the year purchased. Aftermarket joysticks and pads were available. Unlike first generation machines that were generally hard coded logic, The machine launched …

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INTEL 8048

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The Intel 8048 is a CPU designed for embedded afflictions.  Over time, Intel has designed newer versions for other applications. The Intel 8048 was first introduced in the fall of 1976. The successive 8049 is plug compatible with the 8048 offering twice the data and memory. The CPU comes with 1KB of ROM space and 64 …

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BREAKOUT

Breakout was released circa April 1976 by Atari who also developed the game. Breakout is an action game. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak both worked designing this game.. In the game, a layer of bricks lines the top third of the screen. A ball travels across the screen, bouncing off the top and side walls of …

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EARLY CABINET TYPE ARCADE GAMES

Back in the 1970s before the PC came to the market. Games were built in dedicated cabinets for the coin-op arcade. Many games earned more than 1 billion quarters. By 1981, arcade video games were an $8 billion industry. Asteroids (1979) Breakout (1976) Defender (1981) Donkey Kong (1981) Frogger (1981) Galaga (1981) Galaxian (1979) Mappy …

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